Ciencia habilitada por datos de especímenes

Newbold, T., Hudson, L. N., Contu, S., Hill, S. L. L., Beck, J., Liu, Y., … Purvis, A. (2018). Widespread winners and narrow-ranged losers: Land use homogenizes biodiversity in local assemblages worldwide. PLOS Biology, 16(12), e2006841. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.2006841 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.2006841

Human use of the land (for agriculture and settlements) has a substantial negative effect on biodiversity globally. However, not all species are adversely affected by land use, and indeed, some benefit from the creation of novel habitat. Geographically rare species may be more negatively affected by…

Espíndola, A., Ruffley, M., Smith, M. L., Carstens, B. C., Tank, D. C., & Sullivan, J. (2016). Identifying cryptic diversity with predictive phylogeography. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 283(1841), 20161529. doi:10.1098/rspb.2016.1529 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2016.1529

Identifying units of biological diversity is a major goal of organismal biology. An increasing literature has focused on the importance of cryptic diversity, defined as the presence of deeply diverged lineages within a single species. While most discoveries of cryptic lineages proceed on a taxon-by-…

Townhill, B., Pinnegar, J., Tinker, J., Jones, M., Simpson, S., Stebbing, P., & Dye, S. (2017). Non-native marine species in north-west Europe: Developing an approach to assess future spread using regional downscaled climate projections. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 27(5), 1035–1050. doi:10.1002/aqc.2764 https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.2764

Climate change can affect the survival, colonization and establishment of non-native species. Many non-native species common in Europe are spreading northwards as seawater temperatures increase. The similarity of climatic conditions between source and recipient areas is assumed to influence the est…

Chase, B. M., Boom, A., Carr, A. S., Chevalier, M., Quick, L. J., Verboom, G. A., & Reimer, P. J. (2019). Extreme hydroclimate response gradients within the western Cape Floristic region of South Africa since the Last Glacial Maximum. Quaternary Science Reviews, 219, 297–307. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.07.006 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.07.006

The Cape Floristic Region (CFR) is one of the world's major biodiversity hotspots, and much work has gone into identifying the drivers of this diversity. Considered regionally in the context of Quaternary climate change, climate stability is generally accepted as being one of the major factors promo…

Oyinlola, M. A., Reygondeau, G., Wabnitz, C. C. C., Troell, M., & Cheung, W. W. L. (2018). Global estimation of areas with suitable environmental conditions for mariculture species. PLOS ONE, 13(1), e0191086. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0191086 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0191086

Aquaculture has grown rapidly over the last three decades expanding at an average annual growth rate of 5.8% (2005–2014), down from 8.8% achieved between 1980 and 2010. The sector now produces 44% of total food fish production. Increasing demand and consumption from a growing global population are d…

Seaborn, T., Goldberg, C. S., & Crespi, E. J. (2020). Drivers of distributions and niches of North American cold‐adapted amphibians: evaluating both climate and land use. Ecological Applications. doi:10.1002/eap.2236 https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.2236

Species distribution estimates are often used to understand the niche of a species; however, these are often based solely on climatic predictors. When the influences of biotic factors are ignored, erroneous inferences about range and niche may be made. We aimed to integrate climate data with a uniqu…

Zizka, A., Antunes Carvalho, F., Calvente, A., Rocio Baez-Lizarazo, M., Cabral, A., Coelho, J. F. R., … Antonelli, A. (2020). No one-size-fits-all solution to clean GBIF. PeerJ, 8, e9916. doi:10.7717/peerj.9916 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.9916

Species occurrence records provide the basis for many biodiversity studies. They derive from georeferenced specimens deposited in natural history collections and visual observations, such as those obtained through various mobile applications. Given the rapid increase in availability of such data, th…

Oegelund Nielsen, R., da Silva, R., Juergens, J., Staerk, J., Lindholm Sørensen, L., Jackson, J., … Conde, D. A. (2020). Standardized data to support conservation prioritization for sharks and batoids (Elasmobranchii). Data in Brief, 33, 106337. doi:10.1016/j.dib.2020.106337 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.106337

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Li, X., Li, B., Wang, G., Zhan, X., & Holyoak, M. (2020). Deeply digging the interaction effect in multiple linear regressions using a fractional-power interaction term. MethodsX, 7, 101067. doi:10.1016/j.mex.2020.101067 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mex.2020.101067

In multiple regression Y ~ β0 + β1X1 + β2X2 + β3X1 X2 + ɛ., the interaction term is quantified as the product of X1 and X2. We developed fractional-power interaction regression (FPIR), using βX1M X2N as the interaction term. The rationale of FPIR is that the slopes of Y-X1 regression along the X2 gr…

Newbold, T., Oppenheimer, P., Etard, A., & Williams, J. J. (2020). Tropical and Mediterranean biodiversity is disproportionately sensitive to land-use and climate change. Nature Ecology & Evolution. doi:10.1038/s41559-020-01303-0 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-020-01303-0

Global biodiversity is undergoing rapid declines, driven in large part by changes to land use and climate. Global models help us to understand the consequences of environmental changes for biodiversity, but tend to neglect important geographical variation in the sensitivity of biodiversity to these …