Artículo

Thakur, U., S. Shashni, N. Thakur, S. K. Rana, and A. Singh. 2022. A review on Paris polyphylla Smith: A vulnerable medicinal plant species of a global significance. Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants: 100447. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jarmap.2022.100447

Paris polyphylla Smith is an overexploited vulnerable medicinal plant species with its distribution in the Himalayas and Southeast Asian Mountains. Due to its enormous medicinal properties the species is used in different medicine system for the cure of a wide range of aliments. Its anti-microbial, anti-viral, and immune-modulating properties are exploited for the well-being of people across the globe. We reviewed the published literature on various aspects of P. polyphylla including current state of research, ecology, traditional uses, molecular characterization, phytochemical composition, cultivation techniques, economic benefits, trade, threats, and future conservation implications. The species plays an important role in the healthcare of the mountain indigenous communities and have been used to cure a wide range of diseases and ailments. Nearly 100 phytochemicals of medicinal importance have been reported in the species among which steroidal saponins and polyphyllins are the key compounds. Many propagation protocols have been developed for ex-situ cultivation and conservation of the species and cultivation from rhizomes has been suggested as most appropriate technique. Despite the large-scale illegal trade of the species worldwide, conservation and management guidelines are missing in many areas. Thus, in-situ and ex-situ conservation measures are important for sustainable utilization of the species.

Carl Bock
Bock, Carl

* 17 septiembre 1849 – 10 agosto 1932 †

Noruega

Colectó Rosaceae y identificó Rosaceae

Buchanan-Hamilton, Francis

* 15 febrero 1762 – 15 junio 1829 †

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

Fabaceae

Colectó Fabaceae y identificó Rosaceae

Colectó Araceae y identificó Araceae

Diels, Ludwig

* 24 septiembre 1874 – 30 noviembre 1945 †

Alemania

Myrtaceae

Colectó Myrtaceae y identificó Annonaceae

Forrest, George

* 13 marzo 1873 – 05 enero 1932 †

Reino Unido

Colectó Ericaceae y identificó Ericaceae

Colectó Fagaceae y identificó Fagaceae

Eizi Matuda
Matuda, Eizi

* 20 abril 1894 – 12 febrero 1978 †

Japón

Asteraceae

Colectó Asteraceae y identificó Bromeliaceae

Polunin, Oleg

* 28 noviembre 1914 – 02 julio 1985 †

United Kingdom; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

Asteraceae

Colectó Asteraceae y identificó Rosaceae

Colectó Poaceae y identificó Poaceae

Stainton, John David Adam

* 01 marzo 1921 – 1991 †

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland; United Kingdom

Asteraceae

Colectó Asteraceae y identificó Poaceae

Sweeney, Patrick

Estados Unidos

Adoxaceae

Colectó Adoxaceae y identificó Clusiaceae

Sykes, William Russell

* 13 octubre 1927 – 05 enero 2018 †

Reino Unido; Nueva Zelanda

Asteraceae

Colectó Asteraceae y identificó Poaceae

Nathaniel Wolff Wallich
Wallich, Nathaniel Wolff

* 28 enero 1786 – 28 abril 1854 †

Dinamarca

Asteraceae

Colectó Asteraceae y identificó Lamiaceae

Williams, Leonard Howard John

* 1915 – julio 1991 †

Reino Unido

Asteraceae

Colectó Asteraceae y identificó Rosaceae

Yu, Tse Tsun

* 01 febrero 1908 – 14 julio 1986 †

People's Republic of China

Colectó Rosaceae y identificó Rosaceae